The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has grouped all its member states into 12 sub-regional implementation support networks to facilitate the coordination, communication, and implementation of the agreed national priority actions and other commitments for achieving Aichi Target 11. The South Asia sub-region includes nine countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
This compendium is a collection of scalable good practices and case studies on protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) from the nine countries. These were collected through contributions from the member countries, a review of literature, and a regional policy dialogue on progress against Aichi Target 11 held in 2020. ICIMOD and UNDP India have organized the information collected into the 20 good practices and case studies presented here. The key issues and problems that have been identified focus on the social, ecological, governance, and economic aspects of the PA system and OECMs.