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Transboundary ecotourism in the Kangchenjunga Landscape: Opportunities for sustainable development through regional cooperation; ICIMOD Working Paper 2019/4

  • Lama, A. K.
  • Kandel, P.
  • Chaudhary, S.
  • Dema, K.
  • Uprety, Y.
  • Gaira, K.
  • Pandey, A.
  • Dorji, T.
  • Chettri, N.
  • Summary

The Kangchenjunga Landscape (KL) is a unique transnational ecotourism destination shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - partner countries of the Kangchenjunga Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KLCDI). Adorned with spectacular natural and cultural assets and diversity, the KL is one of six transboundary landscapes identified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.


The KL as a transnational destination provides diverse offerings (natural and cultural heritage sites, parks and routes) spread across the region. The landscape also represents frontier region, characterized by specificities of isolation, inaccessibility, scarcity and marginality, presenting both challenges and opportunities for the government and communities.


The transboundary ecotourism is integral for sustainable development and regional cooperation in the KL. It offers huge prospects and opportunities for inclusive and responsible economic growth, and promises achievements of the goals of protecting the environment, and sustainably empowering the communities beyond boundaries. Transboundary ecotourism also presents opportunities for regional cooperation, in due regards to mutual interests and common goals shared by the government and community, and the deep rooted shared heritage, history and people to people connectivity.


Promoting transboundary ecotourism in the KL requires strengthening cross-border connectivity, branding and marketing, promoting niche segments, public-private partnership, destination plans and management, and building capacity and infrastructures.

Main Record

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  • Publisher Name:
    International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
  • Publisher Place:
    Kathmandu, Nepal