This handbook takes on the earlier attempts of RM&DD, and modifies it to suit the generic requirement of all ICIMOD RMCs. ICIMOD and ACWADAM, following a consultative process with major partners came up with detailed steps, which were then vetted at a workshop held in Gangtok, Sikkim, India in November 2015. This protocol is useful and practical, because:
It incorporates both ‘hydrogeology’ and ‘socio-economic and governance’ issues to come up with a comprehensive understanding of springs and springsheds
It combines aspects of research and knowledge generation (Steps 1 to 4) and implementation (steps 5 and 6). For those, who are interested only in knowledge generation can adopt the first four steps, but for implementation, all six steps are needed.
It is a relatively easy to do, step by step approach that can be adopted by a diverse range of stakeholders – field implementers, grass root workers and NGOs and researchers.
This manual provides a step by step approach, which taken together with a 2 week long practical classroom and field based training, will equip field level officials to implement spring revival programmes in their respective areas. This manual provide conceptual clarity around issues of spring management and revival.