This review examines the provisions in Nepal’s legal framework related to climate change and the local community’s rights. The review starts with the broader international climate change regime, the nuances of the international climate justice, and key aspects of international climate policy. After laying background on the concept and status of global climate change policy, the review delves into the national legislation. The review is meant to provide an in-depth assessment of the issues concerning the communities and how well the climate change related policies and regulations could address adaptation and mitigation options for those expected to be affected the most by climate change. It aims to reflect on their effectiveness and comprehensiveness from the community perspective. In addition, this analysis examines if these policies are just high-level documents, which may fail to acknowledge and address the actual needs and challenges at the local community level.