The Nepal country report was prepared by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and UN Women. It describes the country-driven processes and the linkages between gender equality and climate change across four key sectors: forestry, agriculture, energy, and water. There are two main reasons for the focus on these sectors: (a) they fall within the eight priority sectors identified by the National Climate Change Policy 2019 and (b) communities are highly dependent upon these sectors for their livelihoods. The report aims to guide government action towards achieving climate goals at the country level, particularly related to the Paris Agreement on climate change. Policy actors can use the analysis to address the gaps that hinder climate adaptation and mitigation interventions from addressing gendered vulnerabilities and social barriers to women's agency, which are critical to ensuring a sustainable future.
This summary presents the key findings and recommendations on addressing structural barriers, strengthening institutional mechanisms, and building the capacities of women and men to achieve gender-transformative change within climate action across the sectors.