Shifting cultivation continues to be viewed as a rudimentary agricultural practice with little economic viability, a major cause of deforestation and environmental degradation, and a hurdle for development of the uplands. This view persists despite a growing body of scientific literature contradicting the perception. There is, however, growing consensus on the need for serious reappraisal of ongoing approaches facilitating the transition to settled agriculture. Management approaches need to be revised, the pitfalls of transition avoided, and concerns around food security, ecosystem services and security of tenure addressed. This resource book provides an operational framework and guidelines which can help in the design and delivery of programmes that aim to facilitate this transition. We hope the insights offered here help in policy formulation and the development of suitable programmes to manage change in shifting cultivation areas.