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Glacial lake atlas of Indus River basin

  • B. Simhadri Rao
  • Summary

This atlas provides the details of glacial lakes present in the Indus River basin including their hydrological, geometrical, geographical, and topographical attributes. The satellite data used and methodology followed in delineating the lakes are also discussed. The information on glacial lake types, their areal extent and elevation variations at basin, subbasin level, and administrative units like India, State, Union Territory and District are provided. Glacial lake maps and respective satellite images are also presented in corresponding SOI Toposheets (1:250,000 scale) covering Indus River basin. A total of 5,335 glacial lakes (greater than 0.25 ha) are mapped using Resourcesat-2 LISS-IV satellite images for the entire Indus River basin, with a total lake water spread area of 17,395.03 ha. Ten different types of glacial lakes are identified and categorised into four major classes, viz., Moraine-dammed lake, Ice-dammed lake, Glacier Erosion lake, and Other Glacial lake. Out of 10 types of glacial lakes, Other Glacial Erosion lakes are found to be the maximum with 2,516 in number occupying a total lake extent of 8,247.44 ha in the basin.

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  • Publisher Name:
    National Remote Sensing Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Department of Space, Government of India
  • Publisher Place:
    Hyderabad, India