• ICIMOD publication
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A nature-based solution for mountain farming systems

  • Summary

With growing population and increasing food demands, farmers in the hilly terrains of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region have resorted to agricultural intensification, with an overdependence on chemical fertilizers and pesticides. But the continuous use of chemicals adversely impacts biodiversity, soil health and nutrients, and water quality, ultimately increasing production costs and diminishing farm productivity in the long run.

Jholmal is a nature-based solution that can balance agricultural productivity with sustainability. It is a homemade bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticide that helps improve crop health and increase yields while reducing the cost of production and use of harmful chemicals.

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  • Publisher Name:
    International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
  • Publisher Place:
    Kathmandu, Nepal