Water scarcity has been cited as a major problem in Afghanistan. The issue is intricate and involves questions of availability, accessibility, affordability, and safety. Afghanistan’s 2009 Water Law grants equitable right to water to all, but not everybody enjoys this right equally. The division of labour in conservative, rural areas is rigid, constituting several barriers to the equal participation of Afghan women. Given this situation, and in line with the goal of the Strengthening Water Resources Management in Afghanistan (SWaRMA) initiative of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), a hands-on four-day workshop on Gender Integrated Planning in Water Resources Management was jointly organized by Kabul University and SWaRMA to build capacity in water resources management in Afghanistan.