this Manual based on the training approach and field-testing is particularly timely, as it is designed to deliver action-oriented learning in an effective manner. The content and sequence of training tools are suggested to make particpants interactive and creative in finding their own customised solutions. The focus of the Manual on honing the skills of prospective trainers will ensure a clear understanding of the concept of innovative livelihoods and integrated landscape management. It also elaborates on a set of essential processes behind the successful organization of a training, the role of trainers, and the importance of training evaluation. With the application of this Manual a significant contribution can be made to building the capacities of practitioners, who will in turn deliver such training for sustained livelihoods and entrepreneurship addressing conservation and development at landscape scale.