Pakistan hosts rich biodiversity, including 38 species of the genus Artemisia L. (Asteraceae). Plant morphological descriptions were noted by means of observations and ethnobotanical details were documented through questionnaires and meetings, with herbalists and local inhabitants. Twelve Artemisia species are popularly used among Pakistani people as food, ornaments, fumigants and medicines. These are Artemisia absinthium L., Artemisia annua L., Artemisia brevifolia Wall. ex DC., Artemisia dracunculus L., Artemisia dubia Wall. ex Besser, Artemisia herba-alba Asso., Artemisia japonica Thunb., Artemisia maritima L. Ex Hook.f., Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser, Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz. ex Krasch., Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit., and Artemisia vulgaris L.