This paper discusses the criteria for biodiversity management in transboundary landscapes: * Identify transboundary candidate priority landscapes that are critical for biodiversity management. Countries sharing the areas should be committed to develop and manage such landscapes. * Apply participatory management of biodiversity in the PAs of candidate priority landscapes and their surroundings that will enhance conservation of globally significant, unique biodiversity which is otherwise at risk because of transboundary problems. * Restore and increase connectivity by establishing biological corridors between the PAs within and between landscapes that fall in different countries. * Increase conservation attention and efforts on focal species that operate in areas across political boundaries. * Identify keystone plant species and promote their restoration and conservation in transboundary landscapes. * Address transboundary issues such as grazing, poaching, unsustainable harvesting of NTFPs, control of forest fires, and spread of livestock disease; promote new connectivity within transboundary landscapes for overall conservation, to be achieved by regional and country-to-country cooperation. * Adopt policies and incentives conducive to participatory biodiversity conservation, and establish complementarities within landscapes between the participating countries.