2021
  • Non-ICIMOD publication

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Increasing collaboration between China and India in the environmental sciences to foster global sustainability

  • Eben Goodale, Christos Mammides, Wambura Mtemi, You-Fang Chen, Ranjit Barthakur, Uromi Manage Goodale, Aiwu Jiang, Jianguo Liu, Saurav Malhotra, Madhava Meegaskumbura, Maharaj K. Pandit, Guangle Qiu, Jianchu Xu, Kun-Fang Cao , Kamaljit S. Bawa
  • Summary

As the two largest countries by population, China and India have pervasive effects on the ecosphere. Because of their human population size and long international boundary, they share biodiversity and the threats to it, as well as crops, pests and diseases. We ranked the two countries on a variety of environmental challenges and solutions, illustrating quantitatively their environmental footprint and the parallels between them regarding the threats to their human populations and biodiversity. Yet we show that China and India continue to have few co-authorships in environmental publications, even as their major funding for scientific research has expanded. An agenda for collaboration between China and India can start with the shared Himalaya, linking the countries’ scientists and institutions. A broader agenda can then be framed around environmental challenges that have regional patterns. Coordinated and collaborative research has the potential to improve the two countries’ environmental performance, with implications for global sustainability.