Nepal is one of the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) countries. It is an undeniable fact that Nepal?s rangeland is featured by altitudinal difficulties, inaccessibility and poor summer growth accompanied by high stocking rate. Thus, interventions are necessary to raise the productivity of rangelands thereby supporting the increased numbers of livestock in these areas. Strategies to increase productivity are directly related to the livelihoods of mountain people, where livelihoods rely on livestock farming with grazing forming a cheaply available natural resource. Keeping in mind such facts, a review of development models adapted in the HKH region regarding rangeland development has been focused on in this paper which may add benefit in the formulation of new strategies in line with raising mountain livelihoods.