HIMALDOC 8 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Year: 2015
The first public product of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is its Conceptual Framework
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Year: 2006

This case study focuses on the rights of marginalised indigenous peoples to access and control natural resources (land, water and forest) underpinning their livelihood and traditional occupations

This study briefly reviews the policies, legislations or regulations and practices related to land, water and forest, and then identifies the problems and opportunities inherent in them. The impact of the provisions in these policies and regulations on the livelihoods of the highly marginalised indigenous groups is then analysed. As there is also a wide range in the wealth and development status within indigenous peoples (popularly called ethnic groups or Janajatis in Nepal), the case study is limited only with highly marginalised ones, as their livelihoods are threatened by the practices of the state, market and mainstream society.

The process by which the indigenous peoples of Nepal lost to the powerful recent immigrants was the process of nation-building based on uniform state language, religion and identity. This is described by various terms like Nepalisation, Hinduisation or Sanskritisation. The traditional practices in resource management and access to resources of highly marginalised indigenous (ethnic) peoples eroded because of this uniformity imposed by the state. It is only because of hilly nature of the terrain and isolation of various settlements due to lack of transportation and communication that that led to the preservation of the traditional resource management practices of some ethnic groups in some pockets. Introduction of new property rights without recognising the traditional system of keeping land as a community property and using land on rotation as swidden to generate various products for their survival made them totally landless. Centralized administration and nationalisation of forests and other resources associated with it like pasture further marginalised the indigenous peoples. Restrictions on the use of traditionally used resources because of declaration of protected areas in their ancestral lands were extremely harsh for their livelihoods. Their traditional knowledge system has been eroded, which further increased their vulnerability. These peoples seem neither able to cope with modernisation nor are able to derive livelihoods from traditional occupations.
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Year: 2004
In this paper, the historical, religious and cultural aspects that led to the development of public properties (mainly chautaaraas - platform with huge shade-providing trees, community orchards, open spaces and water ponds) in Pokhara, Nepal are discussed in detail in relation to their ecological functions
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Year: 2001
Central Nepal has been a region influenced by the mobility of its inhabitants for the past 200 years
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HIMALDOC 8 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
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1 Adhikari, J. R.
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