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Year: 2009
The Third International Workshop on Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from 18-24 February 2009
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Year: 2009
This newsletter gives an update on WCPA Oceania, covering also international, Australian, New Zealand and Pacific island news
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Year: 2009
This section contains list of key resources on mountain biodiversity aggregated from different sources focusing on the global and key regional resources
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Year: 2009
Articles in the Bulletin focus on the theme of mountain agriculture and include the following:
  • Recognising the amenities of mountain agriculture in Europe by Thomas Dax
  • Agricultural Diversity in Coping with Climate Change by Bandana Shakya
  • Livelihoods at Risk: Agricultural Viability and Converging Climatic and Economic Change in the Central Andes by Adam French and Jeffrey Bury
  • Traditional irrigation system: A case of Apatani tribe in Arunachal Himalaya, North East India by Mihin Dollo
  • Medicinal Plants in the Valais: A success story by Charly Darbellay
  • No Land Left for Women: Property Rights in Baltistan (Central Karakoram) by Nadine Guenther, Tine Maikowski & Matthias Schmidt
  • From subsistence to cash generating crops: a case study of changing cropping pattern in the Garhwal Himalaya, India Dr
  • Experiences in Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management in the mid-hills of Nepal: out-scaling the lessons Isabelle Providoli
  • Dzo: the mule of the Himalayas in a changing climate by Nakul Chettri
  • Women on forefront:  Conservation of Traditional Crop Biodiversity: A Study of Uttarakhand State in Indian Himalaya by Rajendra Prasad Juyal and Mahesh Chandra Sati
  • Nepal’s declining agriculture production in changing climate by Mohan Prasad Devkota and Ashok Kumar Koirala
  • Mountain Farming Support in Austria by Gerhard Hovorka and Thomas Dax
  • Himalayan Pastoralism by Naomi Bishop
  • Promoting Food Self-Sufficiency in the mid-hills of Nepal: fertilizers or farmyard manure? Prepared by the SDC-Helvetas-Intercooperation Sustainable Soil Management Programme, Nepal
  • Interview with Mr. Mahabir Pun, Chairman at E-network Research and Development
  • Film Screenings - An effective tool for Conservation Education by Nimesh Ved
  • Maintaining Agricultural Biodiversity in the European Mountain Regions: Alps, Carpathians and Balkans SAVE Monitoring Institute by Elli Broxham and Waltraud Kugler
  • World premiere of a high-realist portrait of the Cross River gorilla by African Conservation Foundation
  • Foundation for Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions (FDDM) by Eric Nanchen

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Year: 2008
The main focus in id21 natural resource Highlights 6 is water
Year: 2008
Despite the adoption of many international agreements over the last decades, degradation of forests and deforestation has continued
Year: 2008
The Global Renewable Energy Forum was held in May 2008 and was organised by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Brazilian Ministry of Mones and Energy, Electrobras and Itaipu Binacional
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Year: 2007
This issue of id21 insights focuses on water governance:
  • New directions for water governance: Water governance is a significant feature of international development policymaking
  • The question of scale: The question of the appropriate scale or level at which governments should operate has traditionally been important in political and economic discussions. It has also become a key issue within development policy, with policymakers thinking that this determines institutional effectiveness.
  • Money matters: Only 45 percent of public water points in central Tanzania are functioning. Research in the Dodoma and Singida regions shows that poor financial management often undermines the sustainable use of water.
  • Recovering the costs of rural water supply: Inadequate water supply and poor sanitation are serious problems for rural communities in Cross River State, southern Nigeria. Concern Universal works with these communities to strengthen their capacity to manage water and sanitation facilities.
  • Achieving water security: Water security means people have secure rights to use water, including future generations. For poor people, this comes from fair and adequate representation in policymaking processes. They also need improved water technology, and management processes that they can use.
  • Water rights for water governance: Rights and entitlements at the societal level are some of the resources for water governance. Viewing water rights from a legal perspective helps to analyse the policy debate on rights of access to water. There are three principal legal forms of a right to water – a human right, a property right and a contractual right.
  • Competition for water: There is considerable literature on international water negotiations, but most research ignores local conflicts over water. In fact, violent 'water riots' at local levels are more common than inter-state 'water wars'.
  • Rethinking the management of agricultural water: In the past thirty years, there have been many efforts to reform agricultural water management in developing countries. However, these have produced few positive results. Policymakers should rethink water sector reforms, particularly now that investment in water infrastructure is increasing.

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Year: 2007
This issue of id21 insights focuses on retaining legitmacy in fragile states:
  • Retaining legitimacy in fragile states: Globalisation, liberalisation, and the withdrawal of external support from Cold War alliances have placed enormous strains on some developing countries — best described as 'fragile states'
  • Risking civil war by promoting democracy: Promoting democracy abroad may seem like a good way to promote peace. Mature, stable democracies have not fought wars against each other, and they rarely experience civil wars. But the path to a democratic peace is not always smooth.
  • Bridging security and development - People-centred approaches needed: Strategies for securing peace that have worked in Afghanistan are unlikely to work in Iraq or Somalia. Yet, interventions by international organisations and countries in crisis areas continue to follow the same formula: first condemnation, then sanctions, then military action.
  • Good intentions do not prevent conflict: When we speak of the international community we think of states, the United Nations, development agencies, or non-government organisations. Yet other groups and individuals are often as relevant to development: multinational and local companies and private security firms.
  • Making justice sector reform work: The legal system and the judiciary have very important roles to play in maintaining or restoring legitimacy in fragile states. Injustice, deeply embedded in both the legal system and a partial or ineffective judicial system, tends to weaken state legitimacy and sometimes contributes to the eruption of armed conflict.
  • Rebuilding the revenue base for sustainable peace: The challenges of tax collection are formidable in low-income and post-war economies. War economies give rise to a wide range of illegal and informal economic activities beyond the control of the state. This makes tax collection in post-war states particularly difficult.
  • Beyond anarchy in Somaliland and Afghanistan? Since the attacks on the USA on September 11th 2001, the weakening and re-building of states has ranked high on the political and research agenda.
  • Strong but fragile - Horizontal inequalities in Indonesia: Today, most of the international community sees Indonesia as a 'fragile' state, with a recent history of violent conflict and a poor record of access to government services.

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Year: 2007
Income from illegal opium poppy cultivation helps sustain the livelihoods of millions of rural Afghans, but also provides significant revenues to criminals and armed groups fighting the government
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