Reports

Reports 31 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Year: 2010
The present brochure, published by the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA) of DIVERSITAS, Institute of Botany, University of Basel with the support of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), has been prepared as a contribution to the International Year of Biodiversity 2010 and the Conference of Parties of the CBD (COP10) in Japan in October 2010
Read More
Year: 2009
This paper identifies key development issues relating to land and water management in the less developed countries of the Himalayan and South East Asian (SEA) regions, and how these are likely to be affected by long-term climate change
Year: 2009
There are growing concerns about local and regional ecosystems and their vulnerability in relation to human activities
Read More
Year: 2009
There is a common view and belief that women are the ones that do the farming in Africa while the men do not work much
Year: 2008
The aim of this report is to demonstrate that regions like mountain areas have a specific relevance in the debate on territorial cohesion in Europe
Read More
Year: 2008
The African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) is the primary ministerial level forum for environment and development issues in Africa
Read More
Year: 2008
This publication demonstrates the link between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, while contributing to the ongoing global effort to promote gender equality in socio-economic development
Read More
Year: 2007
Public land managers are confronted with an ever-growing and diversifying set of demands for providing recreation opportunities
Read More
Year: 2007
There are major external pressures driving the degradation of the forest resources of Southeast Asia, namely: rapid population and economic growth
Read More
Year: 2006

This case study focuses on the rights of marginalised indigenous peoples to access and control natural resources (land, water and forest) underpinning their livelihood and traditional occupations

This study briefly reviews the policies, legislations or regulations and practices related to land, water and forest, and then identifies the problems and opportunities inherent in them. The impact of the provisions in these policies and regulations on the livelihoods of the highly marginalised indigenous groups is then analysed. As there is also a wide range in the wealth and development status within indigenous peoples (popularly called ethnic groups or Janajatis in Nepal), the case study is limited only with highly marginalised ones, as their livelihoods are threatened by the practices of the state, market and mainstream society.

The process by which the indigenous peoples of Nepal lost to the powerful recent immigrants was the process of nation-building based on uniform state language, religion and identity. This is described by various terms like Nepalisation, Hinduisation or Sanskritisation. The traditional practices in resource management and access to resources of highly marginalised indigenous (ethnic) peoples eroded because of this uniformity imposed by the state. It is only because of hilly nature of the terrain and isolation of various settlements due to lack of transportation and communication that that led to the preservation of the traditional resource management practices of some ethnic groups in some pockets. Introduction of new property rights without recognising the traditional system of keeping land as a community property and using land on rotation as swidden to generate various products for their survival made them totally landless. Centralized administration and nationalisation of forests and other resources associated with it like pasture further marginalised the indigenous peoples. Restrictions on the use of traditionally used resources because of declaration of protected areas in their ancestral lands were extremely harsh for their livelihoods. Their traditional knowledge system has been eroded, which further increased their vulnerability. These peoples seem neither able to cope with modernisation nor are able to derive livelihoods from traditional occupations.
Read More

Reports 31 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
email alert or subscribe to the RSS feed.