> Search Results: Maharjan, A.
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Building Ex Ante Resilience of Disaster-Exposed Mountain Communities: Drawing Insights from the Nepal Earthquake Recovery
Upraity, A. N.
Government and non-government development agencies are increasingly focusing on building resilience at community level, especially in their post-disaster recovery interventions
. But operationalizing the concept of resilience is a methodological challenge. In the aftermath of the recent major earthquake in Nepal, the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is working on developing a community resilience framework that will help identify policy-relevant factors contributing to building resilience. Using the method of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), data from 30 earthquake-affected mountain communities has been analysed to identify the combinations of factors that may serve as necessary/sufficient ‘conditions’ for resilient ‘recovery outcomes’. Results establish six factors – natural resource endowment, physical connectivity, access to external development services, entrepreneurship, social homogeneity, and local economy – combining according to the community context to give five different factor combinations. Importantly, factors that are individually insignificant are seen in combination with other factors to exercise significant influence on recovery outcomes. The study concludes by proposing to policymakers that it is possible to identify appropriate combinations of contextual factors and ex ante nourish these to build resilience
Migration and the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake in Nepal : Effect on Rescue and Relief Processes and Lessons for the Future, HI-AWARE Working Paper 4
The study, which was conducted in two of the most heavily earthquake-affected districts, found that the migration from the villages had both positive and negative effects at different stages after the disaster
. Immediately after the earthquake (during the rescue phase), migrant households were more vulnerable than non-migrant households, since they had fewer able-bodied men and had more women, children and elderly people among them
Migration and Household Food Security Interlinkage: A Case Study in the Mid Hills of Nepal
This study focuses on exploring the interlinkage between international migration and household food security using household data from 509 farm households in two districts in the mid hill regions of Nepal
. The data comprising of the migrant and non migrant households was analysed using the two stage least square regression with instrumental variables to solve the problem of reverse causality. The findings of the study indicate that overall migration helps in improving the food security situation of the households. However, the extent of impact depends on the amount of remittances the household receives. In the richer district Syangja, with households receiving bigger remittances, migration showed significant positive impact in lowering the number of food insecure months. But in the poorer district Baitadi, with lower remittances, the impact was positive but not statistically significant. The result of the study draws the attention of the policy makers towards the importance of migration on the farm households in fulfiling their basic food requirements. The old notion of attaining household food security through own production needs revision and consideration of other household resources such as the human resources in achieving food security seeks immediate attention. On the other hand, the results also points out to the danger of the poor falling into the poverty trap with increase in migration.
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