000009800 001__ 9800
000009800 037__ $$a836
000009800 041__ $$aEnglish
000009800 100__ $$aKreutzmann, H.
000009800 245__ $$aThe Karakoram Highway: The impact of road construction on mountain societies
000009800 260__ $$c1991
000009800 260__ $$b
            
000009800 490__ $$aArticle
000009800 507__ $$aMFOLL
000009800 520__ $$aThe opening up of regions in the high mountains for motorised traffic has led world-wide to consequences concerning the penetration of these formerly remote areas.  Not only have the running-times and means of transport been reduced through the modern routes, but also radical developments in the mountains have been induced.  In this context, physio-geographical and socio-political frame, conditions are of predominant importance for the installation of functional communication systems.  Especially in the high mountain regions of Asia relief, snow covers in passes, glacial movements, earthquakes, water level fluctuations of rivers at fords and limited possibilities of fuel, fodder and foodstuff supplies all restrict the chances for the development of major trade routes.  Yet, more important were the security of the routes and the struggles for power in the mountains over slave trade and exchange possibilities for certain products which influenced the flowering and decay of the famous Silk Road.  All these factors which were crucial in the formation of a trade network covering the Hindukush, Karakoram, Pamir and Himalayan mountains in a widespread way, can only partially explain  the recent extension of metalled roads.  After the decolonisation of the Indian subcontinent, there were preponderantly strategic reasons in the extended Kashmir conflict area for the development of the communication network: the point was to underpin territorial claims through military presence and to guarantee the supply of the garrisons.
000009800 653__ $$acommunications
000009800 653__ $$aconflict
000009800 653__ $$aHindu Kush-Himalayas
000009800 653__ $$aIndia
000009800 653__ $$ainfrastructure
000009800 653__ $$aKashmir
000009800 653__ $$aPakistan
000009800 653__ $$apolitics
000009800 653__ $$aroad
000009800 653__ $$atransboundary issues
000009800 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000009800 650__ $$aBiodiversity
000009800 650__ $$aConservation
000009800 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000009800 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000009800 691__ $$aBiodiversity
000009800 691__ $$aConservation
000009800 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000009800 773__ $$pModern Asian Studies 125, 4 (1991) pp711-736
000009800 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/9800/files/836.pdf
000009800 980__ $$aARTICLE