000009453 001__ 9453
000009453 037__ $$a5219
000009453 041__ $$aEnglish
000009453 245__ $$aA watershed approach to vineyard management for creek restoration and endangered species protection in California's Napa County, USA
000009453 260__ $$c
            
000009453 260__ $$b
            
000009453 490__ $$aArticle
000009453 507__ $$aMFOLL
000009453 520__ $$aThe rolling, semi-arid hills of Napa County, California, USA, are one of the most productive wine grape growing regions in the world. With the success of the winery industry in the mid-1980s, much of Napa County’s agricultural lands – which had once been dominated by grazing lands for sheep and dairy cattle – were switched over to vineyards. In transforming the landscape from grasslands to vineyards, soil tilling and tree-removal caused severe erosion, negatively impacting local Huichica Creek, critical habitat for the endangered freshwater shrimp and important spawning ground for steelhead and rainbow trout. However, the rapid turnover of land ownership also created a unique opportunity for local, state, and federal agencies to work with the new vineyard mangers to develop long-term resource management plans which will benefit the entire 4,500 acre Huichica Creek watershed, as well as the local agricultural economy.
As a result of the shift to more sustainable agricultural practices in the Huichica Creek watershed, vast improvements were made to the creek ecosystem health, including the reestablishment of steelhead and rainbow trout spawning and the survival of the endangered California freshwater shrimp. Wildlife populations have also risen, including natural predators such as foxes and birds of prey. Groundwater flow and downstream creek flow have increased, sediment runoff has decreased, overall water quality has improved, and the use of pesticides has declined.
000009453 653__ $$aagriculture
000009453 653__ $$abiodiversity
000009453 653__ $$adevelopment
000009453 653__ $$aeconomy
000009453 653__ $$aecosystem
000009453 653__ $$agrassland
000009453 653__ $$agrazing
000009453 653__ $$ahealth
000009453 653__ $$aland
000009453 653__ $$alivestock
000009453 653__ $$apopulation
000009453 653__ $$aresource management
000009453 653__ $$aspecies diversity
000009453 653__ $$aUnited States
000009453 653__ $$awater
000009453 653__ $$awatershed management
000009453 653__ $$awildlife
000009453 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000009453 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000009453 650__ $$aFarming systems
000009453 650__ $$aLivestock
000009453 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000009453 650__ $$aWatershed management
000009453 650__ $$aBiodiversity
000009453 650__ $$aConservation
000009453 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000009453 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000009453 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000009453 691__ $$aFarming systems
000009453 691__ $$aLivestock
000009453 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000009453 691__ $$aWatershed management
000009453 691__ $$aBiodiversity
000009453 691__ $$aConservation
000009453 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000009453 773__ $$pEcoagriculture: http://www.ecoagriculture.org/documents/files/doc_59.pdf
000009453 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/9453/files/5219.pdf
000009453 980__ $$aARTICLE