The People and Resource Dynamics Project : The First Three Years 1996-1999 (1999)

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The People and Resource Dynamics Project (PARDYP) is an integrated watershed-based research for development project concerned with natural resource dynamics and degradation processes in the middle mountains of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas. The primary objectives are to provide a basic understanding of natural resource degradation processes, to recommend proven strategies and programmes for community and farm-based prevention of degradation, and to promote rehabilitation and improved management of the natural resources, using five different watersheds in four countries – China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan – as an example. PARDYP Phase I began in October 1996 and ended in September 1999. The first three years gave rise to many findings. The five watersheds were found to have both common and individual characteristics, advantages, and problems. Major issues common to many of the watersheds in the HKH were identified including population issues leading to land use intensification, drinking and irrigation water shortages in the dry seasons, problems of soil acidity and soil nutrient deficiency, soil erosion and downstream sedimentation, forest degradation, and fodder and firewood deficiencies, the need for more land and the presence of unproductive degraded lands, poor agricultural productivity due to poor or non-existent support and insufficient inputs, gender inequities and socioeconomic problems due to resource deficiencies and/or mismanagement, and general lack of information – for example, about new and indigenous techniques, appropriate modern farming methods and resource management, and marketing opportunities. A workshop was held in Baoshan, China, in March 1999, to review the activities and highlight the achievements of the first three years. This document comprises the papers presented at the workshop. The papers are grouped under four thematic headings – ‘The People and Their Resources’; ‘The People and Their Forests’; ‘Climate, Water and Sedimentation Issues’; and ‘Geology and Soils’. The volume concludes with a summary section placing PARDYP in the global context of Chapter 13 of Agenda 21 and summarising the conclusions from the first phase and the recommendations for the future.

ISBN: 92-9115-202-1
Language: English
Table of Contents:
  1. Front Matter
  2. Introduction
  3. Part 1: The People and Their Resources
  4. The Use of Socioeconomic Indicators in Resource Management
  5. Gender and Resources: Indicators and Interactions
  6. The Pivotal Role of Women in the Hills: Gender Analysis in Arah Village in Uttar Pradesh, Central Himalayas, India
  7. Gender Analysis in the Xizhuang Watershed: A Case Study from Wangjia Village
  8. Participatory Assessment of Resource Use in the Xizhuang Watershed
  9. Population Dynamics and Land Use in the Yarsha Khola Watershed
  10. Milk Production Dynamics and the Animal Feed Situation in the Jhikhu Khola Watershed
  11. Part 2: The People and Their Forests
  12. More People and More Forest: Population, Policy and Land Use Change in the Xizhuang Watershed
  13. Sustainable Management and Utilisation of Common Property Resources: A Case Study in the Bheta Gad-Garur Ganga Watershed in the Central Himalayas
  14. Rehabilitation and Community Forestry in the Xizhuang Watershed
  15. Forest Dynamics in Nepal: Quantity, Quality, and Community Forestry Issues in Middle Mountain Watersheds
  16. Rehabilitation of Degraded Lands
  17. Community-based Energy Planning and Management in the Yarsha Khola Watershed, Dolakha District, Nepal
  18. Part 3: Climate, Water and Sediment Issues
  19. 1997-1 998 Climate Analysis of the Xizhuang Watershed
  20. Comparison of Climatological Balances for the Jhikhu Khola and Yarsha Khola Watersheds, Nepal
  21. Impact of Land Use on Generation of High Flows in the Yarsha Khola Watershed, Nepal
  22. Rainfall Variation and Soil Erosion in the Bheta Gad Watershed of Uttar Pradesh in the Central Himalayas
  23. Erosion Dynamics in the Jhikhu and Yarsha Khola Watersheds in Nepal
  24. An Assessment of the Water Need and Supply Situation in a Rural Watershed of the Middle Mountains in Nepal
  25. Construction of a Water Harvesting Tank - Experience from Kubinde, in the Jhikhu Khola Watershed, Nepal
  26. Part 4: Geology and Soils
  27. The Geology of the Xizhuang Watershed, near Baoshan, West Yunnan
  28. Geological Mapping and Its Importance for Construction Material, Water Chemistry, and Terrain Stability in the Jhikhu and Yarsha Khola Watersheds
  29. The Soils of the Xizhuang Watershed, Baoshan, China
  30. Plant-microbial Community Dynamics Associated with Soil Nutrient Gradients in Newly Rehabilitated Degraded Land: A Case Study from the Indian Central Himalayas
  31. Soil Fertility Status and Dynamics in the Jhikhu and Yarsha Khola Watersheds
  32. Nutrient Budgets: A Sustainability Index
  33. Socioeconomic and Biophysical Interactions: Examples Relating to Soil Fertility
  34. Conclusions & Recommendations
  35. PARDYP: A Regional Watershed Management Project of Global Importance with Strong Linkages to Chapter
  36. Conclusions
  37. Back Cover


 Record created 2011-02-16, last modified 2014-03-24