Geo-Diversity and Its Hydrological Response in Relation to Landslide Susceptibility in the Himalaya: A Gis-Based Case Study (2012)

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Assessment and inventory of landslide susceptibility are essential for the formulation of successful disaster mitigation plans. The objective of this study was to assess landslide susceptibility in relation to geo-diversity and its hydrological response in the Lesser Himalaya with a case study using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. The Dabka watershed, which constitutes a part of the Kosi Basin in the Lesser Himalaya, India, in the district of Nainital, has been selected for the case illustration. The study constitutes three GIS modules: geo-diversity informatics, hydro informatics and landslide informatics. Through the integration and superimposing of spatial data and attribute data of all three GIS modules, Landslide Susceptibility Index (LSI) has been prepared to identify the level of susceptibility for landslide hazards. This resonance study, carried out over a period of five years (2007-2011), found that areas of most stressed geo-diversity (comprising very steep slopes above 30°, geology of Lower Krol and Lariakanta formation, geomorphology of moist areas and debris sites, land use of barren land with a very high drainage frequency and spring density) have a high landslide susceptibility because of high rate of average runoff (33 l/s/km2), flood magnitude (307.28 l/s/km2), erosion (398 tons/km2) and landslide density (5-10 landslides/km2). The areas of least stressed geo-diversity (comprising gentle slopes below 10°, geology of Kailakhan and Siwalik formation, geomorphology of depositional terraces, land use of dense forest with low drainage frequency and spring density) have the lowest landslide susceptibility because of the low rate of average runoff (6.27 l/s/km2), flood magnitude (20.49 l/s/km2), erosion (65.80 tons/km2) and landslide density (1-2 landslides/km2). © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Year: 2012
Language: English
In: Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards, 6 (4): 229-251 p.

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 Record created 2019-07-31, last modified 2019-07-31