000033868 001__ 33868
000033868 041__ $$aEnglish
000033868 100__ $$aChaudhary, S.
000033868 245__ $$aEnvironmental Justice and Ecosystem Services: A Disaggregated Analysis of Community Access to Forest Benefits in Nepal
000033868 260__ $$c2018
000033868 269__ $$c2018/02/01/
000033868 300__ $$a99-115
000033868 507__ $$aNakul Chettri, ICIMOD staff, peerreviewed
000033868 520__ $$aThe concept of ecosystem services is influencing how environmental stakeholders pursue dual conservation and community development goals. While rapidly growing in popularity, the ecosystem services approach has been criticized for adopting a homogenous approach to communities and failing to consider social diversity and associated power structures influencing access to benefits. In this paper, we adopt an environmental justice lens to analyse access to ecosystem services in a case study of community forestry in Nepal. Using mixed methods, our disaggregated analysis shows that access to ecosystem services is differentiated by social characteristics such as caste, income and gender with uneven distributive outcomes and participation. High-income groups were able to disproportionately access the benefits despite the social equity provisions built into policy and institutional structures. Our study shows that some of the protections oriented at assisting disadvantaged groups were experienced as onerous and should be amended if they are to have beneficial outcomes. In highlighting entrenched inequities, we argue that the ecosystem services approach needs to make environmental justice more central to avoid further marginalising the marginalized, and have far and just outcomes. The current emphasis on aggregated analysis may contribute little to practically implementing programs that will contribute to sustainable socio-ecological wellbeing.
000033868 700__ $$aMcgregor, A.
000033868 700__ $$aHouston, D.
000033868 700__ $$aChettri, N.
000033868 773__ $$pEcosystem Services
000033868 773__ $$v29 
000033868 773__ $$ahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.10.020
000033868 8564_ $$uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212041617306976$$yExternal link
000033868 980__ $$aARTICLE