Conservation and Management Practices of Traditional Crop Genetic Diversity by the Farmers: A case from Kailash Sacred Landscape, Nepal (2017)

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Crop genetic diversity has been an important source of subsistence livelihoods and nutrition in the remote Himalayan region for local communities. This study documents the crop diversity, their current status and farmer 's knowledge and practices, Study was based on analysis of one local crop diversity fair, 18 key informant surveys, nine focus group discussions and 195 individual household surveys 1,vith set questionnaires. The community structure in the study area has female dominance (52%) with average family size of 7.1. The study documents 78 species of various crops which were used as food, vegetables, fruits, medicine, and spices. Highest varietal diversity, vas recorded in, Maize (15). Paddy (12) wheat (11) and beans (10). However, a number of crop varieties are being lost and threatened over the time. Both anthropogenic and natural drivers of changes were reported as the major reason of such loss. Despite loss of crop varieties farmers have been maintaining a wide range of crop and varietal diversity in situ on farm by their own initiatives and experiences. Our study showed that self-saved seed contributed as the major source of planting material through which they are maintaining the crop diversity. However, a detailed study on t lie seed supply system is needed to support easy access to the farmers. More awareness rising program as well as empowerment of farming communities is essential for tl1e continuation of conservation and management practices.
Year: 2017
Language: English
In: The Journal of Agriculture and Environment, 18: 14 p.

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Note: Technical Paper