Slope Stability Analysis of Balia Nala Landslide, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India (2017)

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Balia Nala is the outlet of the Nainital lake, flowing towards southeast direction. Presence of Nainital habitation at its right bank has high socio-economic importance. This study presents the stability analysis of a ravine/valley along Balia Nala. Variegated slates (lower Krol and upper Blaini formations) are the main rock types, wherever the outcrop does exist and rest of the area is covered by slope wash and river borne materials. Three sets of joints are presented in the area, but 4 sets of joints also exist at some locations. Nainital lake fault intersected by Manora fault from southwest direction passes through eastern side of the study area, and some small faults, which are sub-branches of Nainital lake fault, are observed (with 10 m offset) and promote the landslide in the area. This study shows that different kinds of discontinuities (joints, faults and shear zones) and rapid down cutting by the stream due to neotectonic activity affect the stability of the slope. The fragile lithology and deep V-shaped valley further accelerate the mass movement in the study area. In addition, rock mass rating (RMR), factor of safety (FOS) and graphical analysis of the joints indicate the study area as landslide-prone zone. This study will be helpful in not only reducing the risk on life of people, but also in assisting the ongoing civil work in the study area.
Year: 2017
Language: English
In: Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 9 (1): 150-158 p.

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 Record created 2017-06-01, last modified 2017-06-01