Spatial Analysis of Soil Properties Using Gis Based Geostatistics Models (2016)

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Accurate assessment of the spatial variability of soil properties is key component of the agriculture ecosystem and environment modeling. The main objective of the present study is to measure the soil properties and their spatial variability. A combination of conventional analytical methods and geostatistical methods were used to analyze the data for spatial variability. In November 2014 a total of 32 soil samples were collected in the field through random sampling in Medinipur Sadar block of Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal (India). Soil properties of pH, electric conductivity (EC), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and organic carbon (OC) were estimated using the standard analytical methods. A classical ordinary kriging (OK) interpolation was used for direct visualization of soil properties. The spatial distribution of EC, pH, and OC in soil are influenced by structural factors, such as climate, parent material, topography, soil properties and other natural factors. The semivariograms of the six soil properties were fit with exponential curve and root mean square error value is near about zero (0). Finally, spatial distribution and correlation between OC and other soil properties is shown by overlay of maps in GIS environment. The present study suggest that the OK interpolation can directly reveal the spatial distribution of soil properties and the sample distance in this study is sufficient for interpolation.
Year: 2016
Language: English
In: Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2 (2): 1-6 p.

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