000032020 001__ 32020
000032020 020__ $$a893-1891
000032020 037__ $$aPAPER--2016-001
000032020 041__ $$aEnglish
000032020 100__ $$aRai, P. K.
000032020 100__ $$aShyamsundar, P.
000032020 100__ $$aBhatta, L. D.
000032020 100__ $$aNepal, N.
000032020 245__ $$aDesigning a Payment for Ecosystem Services Scheme for the Sardukhola Watershed in Nepal
000032020 245__ $$bSANDEE Working Papers No. 108-16
000032020 260__ $$bSouth Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE)
000032020 260__ $$c2016
000032020 260__ $$aKathmandu, Nepal
000032020 340__ $$a25
000032020 490__ $$b108–16
000032020 490__ $$aSANDEE Working Papers
000032020 507__ $$aHICAP, hicapproject, Laxmi Dutt Bhatta, ICIMOD staff, extcontributions
000032020 520__ $$aThis study was undertaken in the Sardukhola sub-watershed of eastern Nepal to illustrate how local policy instruments can be used to supplement government water supply. We discuss a strategy for using Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) to meet water demand in Dharan Municipality in Nepal. A rigorous process was followed in designing the PES scheme. Following focus group discussions, a Choice Experiment was carried out to determine the preferences of municipal water users. In addition, upstream households were interviewed to understand their requirements to participate in a watershed management program. Finally, we used a series of formal and informal stakeholder consultations to help validate household survey findings and develop an institutional framework for implementing PES. Our analysis indicates that water quality is the most important attribute preferred by water users and that upstream households require incentives to decrease domestic livestock grazing, change agricultural practices and reduce open defecation. Results suggest that developing a PES scheme would be socially acceptable and financially feasible and may contribute to a flow of USD 118,000 per year from water users for watershed management. In concurrence with local stakeholders, we propose a tri-partite institutional structure to implement PES. We note that a national PES policy would make it easier to initiate such integrated and market-oriented approaches for enhancing drinking water supply.
000032020 653__ $$aChoice experiment
000032020 653__ $$awillingness-to-pay
000032020 653__ $$awater quality
000032020 653__ $$awater users
000032020 653__ $$aupstream
000032020 653__ $$awatershed management
000032020 650__ $$aPES
000032020 8560_ $$fanil.jha@icimod.org
000032020 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/32020/files/sandeeWP108-2016.pdf
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000032020 970__ $$aPAPER--2016-001
000032020 980__ $$aPAPER