000031213 001__ 31213
000031213 037__ $$aARTICLE--2015-018
000031213 041__ $$aEnglish
000031213 100__ $$aFang, Y.-P.
000031213 100__ $$aZhao, C.
000031213 100__ $$aRasul, G.
000031213 100__ $$aWahid, S. M.
000031213 245__ $$aRural Household Vulnerability and Strategies for Improvement
000031213 245__ $$bAn empirical Analysis Based on Time Series
000031213 260__ $$c2015
000031213 300__ $$a254-264
000031213 507__ $$aGolam Rasul, Shahriar Wahid, ICIMOD staff, peerreviewed
000031213 511__ $$aKoshi, Article, kbProject, KDRR
000031213 520__ $$aHouseholds are the basic units of production and consumption in rural communities. Analyzing vulnerability at the household level can help in identifying the threats that households face and potential coping and adaptation approaches, especially in view of the increasing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. We developed a household-based model for assessing rural household vulnerability in Shigatze Prefecture in Tibet Autonomous Region of China using time series survey data. The assessment took four main aspects of vulnerability into account: the subsistence condition (food supply), development condition (education and income), accessibility of water resources (variability in rainfall), and threat of water disaster (area affected by drought and floods). Rural household vulnerability decreased overall between 1986 and 2012 but with considerable fluctuation over time. Up to 2000, the main drivers of vulnerability were knowledge (basic education), access to sufficient food, and reliable access to water, in that order. After the early 2000s, knowledge (basic education) is also the most important driver, followed by cash income, and again reliable access to water. The increase in importance of education and income is linked to the transformation of focus of rural households from subsistence to sustainable development. The impact of variability in water resources appears to be becoming more important as a result of climate change. The most effective strategies for reducing rural household vulnerability and improving adaptive capacity to climate change are likely to be accelerating the development of education in rural areas, promoting an incremental increase in the income of farmers and herdsmen, constructing rural irrigation infrastructure, and establishing agricultural disaster prevention and mitigation systems.
000031213 653__ $$aRural household vulnerability
000031213 653__ $$aShigatze prefecture
000031213 653__ $$aStructure of vulnerability
000031213 653__ $$aAdaptation to climate change
000031213 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000031213 773__ $$pHabitat International
000031213 773__ $$v53
000031213 8564_ $$uhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.11.035$$yExternal link
000031213 8560_ $$fanil.jha@icimod.org
000031213 980__ $$aARTICLE