000030998 001__ 30998
000030998 020__ $$a978 92 9115 349 7 (printed)
000030998 037__ $$aICIMOD-BOOK-2015-028
000030998 041__ $$aEnglish
000030998 100__ $$aPhuntsho, K.
000030998 100__ $$aAryal, K. P.
000030998 100__ $$aKotru, R.
000030998 245__ $$aShifting Cultivation in Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal: Weighing Government Policies against Customary Tenure and Institutions
000030998 245__ $$bICIMOD Working Paper 2015/7
000030998 262__ $$bIDRC
000030998 260__ $$bInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
000030998 260__ $$c2015
000030998 260__ $$aKathmandu, Nepal
000030998 300__ $$a72
000030998 340__ $$ayes
000030998 491__ $$aWorking Paper
000030998 491__ $$b2015/7
000030998 508__ $$aBooks and Booklets
000030998 520__ $$aShifting cultivation is a dominant form of farming in the eastern Himalayas, practised by a diverse group of indigenous people from the most marginalized social and economic groups. The survival of these indigenous people and the survival of their forests are inextricably linked. However, policy makers and natural resource managers perceive shifting cultivation to be wasteful, destructive to forests, and unsustainable. Although policies have tried to ban it or ‘wean’ shifting cultivators away from the practice by incentivizing them to take up alternative options, shifting cultivation persists. As a result, neither the livelihood issues of the shifting cultivators nor the health of the forest ecosystems on which shifting cultivation depends are properly protected. Shifting cultivators and policy makers must seek common ground to improve shifting cultivation for farmers and forests. A joint solution is also required to address climate change as good forest cover plays a prominent role in the sequestration of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. <p> <p> This publication is the result of research undertaken in Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal on the promotion of innovative policy and development options for improving shifting cultivation in the eastern Himalayas. It is divided into two parts: Part 1 presents the findings of the study on the effect of government policies on customary tenure and institutions and alternative options. Part 2 presents a discussion of the findings of the three countries as well as some general and country-wise recommendations. It is hoped that the findings of the research will enable governments to improve their shifting cultivation polices, which will, in turn, help shifting cultivators to improve their economic and social status.
000030998 650__ $$aAgroforestry and shifting cultivation
000030998 650__ $$aFarming systems
000030998 650__ $$aLand use/land cove
000030998 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000030998 655__ $$aFarming systems
000030998 655__ $$aShifting cultivation
000030998 655__ $$aLand tenure
000030998 655__ $$aGovernment policy
000030998 655__ $$aBangladesh
000030998 655__ $$aBhutan
000030998 655__ $$aNepal
000030998 653__ $$aFarming systems
000030998 653__ $$aShifting cultivation
000030998 653__ $$aLand tenure
000030998 653__ $$aGovernment policy
000030998 653__ $$aBangladesh
000030998 653__ $$aBhutan
000030998 653__ $$aNepal
000030998 690__ $$aAgroforestry and shifting cultivation
000030998 690__ $$aFarming systems
000030998 690__ $$aLand use/land cove
000030998 690__ $$aPolicies and governance
000030998 8560_ $$fshiva.khatri@icimod.org
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