A New Alarm: Climate-Related Migration (2011)

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Annotation:::: The paper focuses on the issue of climate change and discusses climate-related mountain migration in northwest China. According to background information in the paper, the Bank of Asia issued a report titled “Climate Change and Migration in the Asia and Pacific Region” in March 2011, warning about the upcoming, large-scale climate-related migration situation. The Asia and Pacific region is inhabited by four billion people, of which a substantial portion could be rendered homeless due to disasters related to the effects of climate change. China is also faces the severe problem of “climate-related migration” in addition to other forms of migration related to poverty, disasters, projects, and eco-protection. The arid mountain area of mid-south Ningxia appears to be a typical case. The area consists of high mountains and deep ditches and lacks basic transportation facilities, making the conditions there difficult both for living and production. The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region has carried out several eco-migration projects and relocated 660,000 local residents since the 1980s. In early 2011, Shaanxi province formally initiated a 10-year-long migration programme much larger in scale than the Three Gorges project migration. Estimates indicate that up to 110 billion Chinese yuan (CNY) was spent to relocate 24 million people who were living in south Shaanxi mountainous areas prone to severe disasters and poverty.Using the method of documental study analyse climate-related mountain migration in northwest China, the authors find that the distribution of impoverished population corresponds with that of an ecologically vulnerable area in China. Most of the impoverished areas in the country prove to be an important part of the world, which frequently affects global climate change. China is now cooperating with some ecologically vulnerable countries and regions of the lower reaches of the Mekong River while carrying out climate migration projects of its own. China is actively investing in the construction of infrastructure facilities in neighbouring countries so as to reduce the possibility of climate change refugees posing challenges to China’s border security.
Year: 2011
Language: Chinese
In: World Affairs (Semimonthly(9), 61-63 p.

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Note: This record is a part of annotated bibliography of Migration Literature of the Mountain Areas of China (including women and migration), with Special Focus on Yunnan (2000-2013) at http://lib.icimod.org/record/30240

 

 Record created 2015-06-26, last modified 2015-06-30