The Study of Women Migrants’ Remittances (2006)

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Annotation :::: The paper focuses on the demographic study of women migrants and their remittances, and aims to understand the significance of women’s migration and women migrants’ remittances. The paper uses the methods of documental study and questionnaire analysis to review and discuss the research and questionnaires related to women migrants and their remittances in Xiamen city, Fujian province. Several key findings are presented by the author. For example, due to traditional customs, each village household spends less money on educating girls and women, thus resulting in low levels of educational attainment among women migrants, fewer opportunities for good jobs and relatively lower remittances. Also, after becoming migrant workers in a city, women generally improve their status in both rural society and their families, but as outsiders in a city, they have experienced barriers like low payment and urban prejudice against rural women. Furthermore, remittances from women migrants have improved the economic situation in home villages and reduced the difference between the rural and the urban. Women migrants’ remittances are mainly used for supporting their parents, education of siblings, their children’s education, etc., and less for investing in business and agricultural production. Additionally, most women migrants send their remittances via postal delivery, or transfer them using bankcards, while some choose to bring remittances with them while going home. Finally, yearly salary, age and marriage are three main factors that affect women migrants’ remittances, and married women send less money than unmarried women to their home village.
Language: Chinese
Imprint: 2006
Pages: 56-63
Note: This record is a part of annotated bibliography of Migration Literature of the Mountain Areas of China (including women and migration), with Special Focus on Yunnan (2000-2013) at http://lib.icimod.org/record/30240
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