000030329 001__ 30329
000030329 037__ $$aARTICLE--2015-002
000030329 041__ $$aEnglish
000030329 100__ $$aBhatta, L. D.
000030329 100__ $$avan Oort, B. E. H.
000030329 100__ $$aStork, N. E.
000030329 100__ $$aBaral, H. 
000030329 245__ $$aEcosystem Services and Livelihoods in a Changing Climate
000030329 245__ $$bUnderstanding Local Adaptations in the Upper Koshi, Nepal
000030329 260__ $$c2015
000030329 300__ $$a11 pp.
000030329 500__ $$aThis study was a part of the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP). HICAP is implemented jointly by ICIMOD, CICERO, and UNEP/Grid-Arendal in collaboration with local partners and is funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway, and Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA).
000030329 507__ $$aLaxmi Dutta Bhatta, ICIMOD staff, peerreviewed
000030329 507__ $$aHICAP, hicapproject
000030329 511__ $$aadaptarticle
000030329 520__ $$aMountain ecosystems are increasingly being affected by global environmental change, challenging the ubiquitous agro-ecosystem-based livelihoods of the people. This article uses participatory research methods to document and analyse (1) local and regional impacts of climate change on ecosystem services (ES) and livelihoods, and (2) the main current adaptation strategies of local peoples in the mountains of central Nepal. Major observed impacts include reduced precipitation and an irregular rainfall pattern, affecting paddy cultivation and winter crop production. Production is also affected by increased pest and pathogen prevalence. Other impacts include increased livestock disease and reduced forest regeneration. Our results confirm earlier findings of a decrease in the district’s forest cover in past; however, substantial efforts in forest conservation and management at the local level have gradually increased forest cover in recent years. Despite the increased potential for forest ecosystem services, the availability of forest goods, in particular fuel wood, fodder and litter, have decreased because of a strict regulation on forest goods extraction. Additionally, new invasive species are colonising these forests, preventing regeneration of preferred and local forest vegetation in some areas and, as a result, the densities of tree crops are changing. Most users cope with these changes by short term, reactive solutions. However, a number of local adaptation strategies, such as changing both agricultural practices and water harvesting and management, are increasing efficiency in resource use. To increase the adaptive capacity of poor households, we suggest it is essential to incorporate climate change adaptations within the local planning process.
000030329 650__ $$aAdaptation
000030329 650__ $$aClimate change
000030329 650__ $$aPES
000030329 653__ $$aclimate change
000030329 653__ $$aadaptation
000030329 653__ $$avulnerability assessment
000030329 653__ $$acropping pattern
000030329 653__ $$alivelihoods
000030329 653__ $$alocal adaptive capacity
000030329 773__ $$pInternational Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management
000030329 773__ $$vPublished online: 13 Apr 2015
000030329 8564_ $$uhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21513732.2015.1027793#.VS36UNyUdii$$yExternal link (open access)
000030329 8560_ $$fanil.jha@icimod.org
000030329 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/30329/files/icimodEcosystemIJB16.pdf
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000030329 980__ $$aARTICLE