000029970 001__ 29970
000029970 037__ $$aARTICLE--2014-013
000029970 041__ $$aEnglish
000029970 100__ $$aGioli, G.
000029970 100__ $$aKhan, T.
000029970 100__ $$aBisht, S.
000029970 100__ $$aScheffran, J. 
000029970 245__ $$aMigration as an Adaptation Strategy and its Gendered Implications: A Case Study From the Upper Indus Basin
000029970 260__ $$c2014
000029970 300__ $$a255-265 
000029970 507__ $$aSuman Bist, ICIMOD staff, peerreviewed
000029970 507__ $$aHICAP, hicapproject
000029970 511__ $$aadaptarticle, Indus, IndusARTICLES, 
000029970 520__ $$aNatural resource-dependent isolated mountain communities are highly vulnerable to climatic and environmental stresses, and migration is often the most important livelihood diversification strategy for insuring a household against shocks. In this paper, we present some key results from a study conducted in the West Karakoram region of Pakistan to assess the influence of environmental shocks on migration and the effect of remittances on the adaptive capacity of recipient households and on gender relations. Primary data were collected at community and household level through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and quantitative questionnaires covering 210 households in 6 villages of the West Karakoram. Our findings suggest that migration is adopted as a core response to environmental pressure, both as an ex ante form of household risk mitigation against decreased and uncertain agricultural production, and as an ex post coping mechanism in the wake of environmental shocks. Gender structures migration; only men participate in circular labor migration to urban areas, while women are left behind to take care of the agricultural work and the household. Despite women's increased role in farming activities, no significant changes were noted in the decision-making power of women as a result of male outmigration. Gender positive transformative processes are more likely to be intergenerational and driven by increased access to education for girls.
000029970 653__ $$aGender
000029970 653__ $$amigration
000029970 653__ $$aadaptation
000029970 653__ $$aIndus
000029970 653__ $$aKarakoram
000029970 653__ $$aPakistan
000029970 650__ $$aGender and equity
000029970 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development
000029970 773__ $$v34
000029970 773__ $$n3
000029970 8564_ $$uhttp://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-13-00089.1$$yExternal link (Open Access)
000029970 8560_ $$fanil.jha@icimod.org
000029970 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/29970/files/mrd-journal-d-13-00089.1.pdf
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000029970 980__ $$aARTICLE