Kiwi fruit (Actinidia deliciosa)
14 June 2013
Godavari, Lalitpur, Nepal
Kiwi fruit (Actinidia deliciosa), or Chinese gooseberries as they used to be called, are deciduous trailing climbers. The vine can grow up to 9 metres (28 feet) long. The kiwi fruit itself is a brown, large egg-sized oval fruit covered with fuzz. When sliced, the fruit yields an attractive emerald green flesh with rows of small dark edible seeds and a light cream coloured centre. The flavour is reminiscent of a blend of strawberry and pineapple. The kiwi fruit is high in vitamins; it can also be used as a meat tenderiser. The fruit is picked while still hard and ripens off the vine. The economic yield can be as high as 40-60 kg per mature vine (five to eight years old), or 20-25 tonnes per hectare. This is a valuable niche crop for mountain areas, especially those close to urban and tourist markets.