000002692 001__ 2692
000002692 041__ $$aEnglish
000002692 100__ $$aXu Jianchu
000002692 245__ $$aThe political, social and ecological transformation of a landscape: a case of rubber in Xishuangbanna
000002692 260__ $$c2006
000002692 300__ $$a254-262
000002692 520__ $$a  Driven by economic and ideological policies, rubber plantations have been established in southern China since the early 1950s. Rubber was seen as a perfect way to modernize the “primitive” shifting agricultural practices of indigenous minorities and to “legitimize” the landscape according to new Maoist State ideals. However, large-scale rubber production was dogged by problems, and most rubber production now emanates from smallholders, challenging the state notion that “bigger is better.” In the transition to a free market, smallholder rubber farms, which grow a wider variety of crops, have greater flexibility and are better able to adjust to market changes. These small mixed farms also enhance ecological and cultural diversity. 
000002692 653__ $$aCropping patterns and systems
000002692 653__ $$aChina
000002692 653__ $$aDiversity
000002692 653__ $$aLandscape
000002692 653__ $$aMarketing
000002692 653__ $$aRubber plants
000002692 653__ $$aShifting cultivation
000002692 653__ $$aTraditional technology
000002692 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development
000002692 773__ $$vVol.26, No. 3
000002692 8564_ $$uhttp://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1659/0276-4741%282006%2926%5B254%3ATPSAET%5D2.0.CO%3B2$$yExternal Link
000002692 980__ $$aARTICLE