000024307 001__ 24307
000024307 020__ $$a1024-7564
000024307 041__ $$aEnglish
000024307 245__ $$a Enterprise-based Transformation of Hill Agriculture
000024307 245__ $$bA Case Study of Vegetable Growing Farmers in Garampani Area, Nainital District, India
000024307 260__ $$c1998
000024307 260__ $$aKathmandu, Nepal
000024307 260__ $$bInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
000024307 491__ $$aDiscussion Paper
000024307 491__ $$b98
000024307 508__ $$aBooks and Booklets
000024307 520__ $$aThe farmer of Garampani area of Nainital District in the Central Indian Himalayas have developed specialized skills in cultivating off-season vegetable crops. The present study was conducted to identify the factors and circumstances leading to the switch over by farmers from subsistence to commercial crops, the process of change and adoption, economic impact of change, and its replicability factor.

The study suggests that the existence of a primary market at Nainital was the main factor that induced the farmers from the proximate villages to adopt vegetable farming, and gradually this process of transformation diffused to other villages. Many socioeconomic and behavioural factors influenced the pace and extent of adoption. Markets developed almost autonomously with the increase in the volume of production.

Currently, vegetables are grown in 63 per cent of the area under cultivation. It has increased the farmers income 2.72 times and direct employment 2.69 times. It has rectified, to a great extent, the unequal distribution of workloads among males and females and checked the rate of migration. However, vegetable growers of the Garampani area are facing many difficulties and need scientific consultation and assistance to resolve them.

Experiences from the Garampani area suggest that the sustainability of mountain agriculture can be ensured by adopting off-season vegetable crops. However, this would need a scientific plan of action in order to maintain a balance among farming husbandry, and natural resources.


000024307 650__ $$aHigh value products
000024307 650__ $$aValue chains
000024307 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000024307 653__ $$aAgricultural products
000024307 653__ $$aAgricultural markets
000024307 653__ $$aMarketing channels
000024307 653__ $$aWomen\'s participation
000024307 653__ $$aEconomic analysis
000024307 653__ $$aVegetables
000024307 653__ $$aVegetable crops
000024307 653__ $$aIndia, up, nainital
000024307 655__ $$aAgricultural products
000024307 655__ $$aAgricultural markets
000024307 655__ $$aMarketing channels
000024307 655__ $$aWomen\'s participation
000024307 655__ $$aEconomic analysis
000024307 655__ $$aVegetables
000024307 655__ $$aVegetable crops
000024307 655__ $$aIndia, up, nainital
000024307 690__ $$aHigh value products
000024307 690__ $$aValue chains
000024307 690__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000024307 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/24307/files/cover_image_323.jpg$$yCover Image
000024307 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/24307/files/Enterprise Based Transformation of Hill Agriculture MEI 98-5.pdf
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000024307 970__ $$aBM-20120903-3721
000024307 980__ $$aICIMODBOOKS