000020668 001__ 20668
000020668 041__ $$aEnglish
000020668 100__ $$aSmit, B.
000020668 245__ $$aAdaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability
000020668 260__ $$c2006
000020668 300__ $$a282–292
000020668 507__ $$aHICAP
000020668 511__ $$aadaptarticle
000020668 520__ $$aThis paper reviews the concept of adaptation of human communities to global changes, especially climate change, in the context of adaptive capacity and vulnerability. It focuses on scholarship that contributes to practical implementation of adaptations at the community scale. In numerous social science fields, adaptations are considered as responses to risks associated with the interaction of environmental hazards and human vulnerability or adaptive capacity. In the climate change field, adaptation analyses have been undertaken for several distinct purposes. Impact assessments assume adaptations to estimate damages to longer term climate scenarios with and without adjustments. Evaluations of specified adaptation options aim to identify preferred measures. Vulnerability indices seek to provide relative vulnerability scores for countries, regions or communities. The main purpose of participatory vulnerability assessments is to identify adaptation strategies that are feasible and practical in communities. The distinctive features of adaptation analyses with this purpose are outlined, and common elements of this approach are described. Practical adaptation initiatives tend to focus on risks that are already problematic, climate is considered together with other environmental and social stresses, and adaptations are mostly integrated or mainstreamed into other resource management, disaster preparedness and sustainable development programs.
000020668 650__ $$aClimate change
000020668 653__ $$aAdaptation
000020668 653__ $$aAdaptive capacity
000020668 653__ $$aVulnerability
000020668 653__ $$aApplications
000020668 653__ $$aCommunity
000020668 653__ $$aParticipatory
000020668 653__ $$aBottom-up
000020668 653__ $$aImplementation
000020668 653__ $$aMainstreaming
000020668 700__ $$aWandel, J.
000020668 773__ $$pGlobal environmental change
000020668 773__ $$v16 (3)
000020668 8564_ $$uhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378006000410$$yExternal link
000020668 980__ $$aArticle