000020540 001__ 20540
000020540 041__ $$aEnglish
000020540 100__ $$aJacoby, H.
000020540 245__ $$aDistributional implications of climate change in India
000020540 260__ $$c2011
000020540 260__ $$bThe World Bank
000020540 260__ $$aWashington D.C.
000020540 300__ $$a56 p.
000020540 490__ $$aPolicy Research Working Paper
000020540 490__ $$bWPS5623
000020540 507__ $$aHICAP
000020540 520__ $$aGlobal warming is expected to heavily impact agriculture, the dominant source of livelihood for the world's poor. Yet, little is known about the distributional implications of climate change at the sub-national level. Using a simple comparative statics framework, this paper analyzes how changes in the prices of land, labor, and food induced by modest temperature increases over the next three decades will affect household-level welfare in India. The authors predict a substantial fall in agricultural productivity, even allowing for farmer adaptation. Yet, this decline will not translate into a sharp drop in consumption for the majority of rural households, who derive their income largely from wage employment. Overall, the welfare costs of climate change fall disproportionately on the poor. This is true in urban as well as in rural areas, but, in the latter sector only after accounting for the effects of rising world cereal prices. Adaptation appears to primarily benefit the non-poor, since they own the lion's share of agricultural land. The results suggest that poverty in India will be roughly 3-4 percentage points higher after thirty years of rising temperatures than it would have been had this warming not occurred.
000020540 653__ $$aEnvironment
000020540 653__ $$aMacroeconomics
000020540 653__ $$aEconomic growth
000020540 653__ $$aPoverty reduction
000020540 653__ $$aIndia
000020540 650__ $$aclimate change
000020540 700__ $$aRabassa, M.
000020540 700__ $$aSkoufias, E.
000020540 8564_ $$uhttp://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/08/26/000158349_20110826094632/Rendered/PDF/WPS5623.pdf$$y
000020540 980__ $$aPAPER