Shifting cultivation landscape
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Caption: Shifting cultivation landscape
Photo by: Nabin Baral
Date: November 2009
Place: Dhaubadhi, Nawalparasi, Nepal
Description: Shifting cultivation landscape in Dhaubadhi, Nawalparasi. Shifting cultivation, locally known as Khoria Kheti, is the main farming system in most parts of Dhaubadhi. The cultivation in the Khoria fields is practiced for two years after which the land is left fallow for 3-4 years to regain its fertility before the next slashing is done. The extent of vegetative growth and soil fertility gained during the fallow period is important for cultivation during next Khoria cycle. Longer the fallow period, better the secondary forest growth and better soil condition leading to higher productivity of land. Due to increasing pressure on land, the period of khoria cycle has shortened. The growth in agricultural productivity is not keeping pace with the increasing demand of food and soil fertility is declining in many shifting cultivation areas. Maize, millet and ginger are the main crops which are cultivated in Khoria Kheti.