000014567 001__ 14567
000014567 037__ $$a5837
000014567 041__ $$aEnglish
000014567 100__ $$aRobinson, S.
000014567 100__ $$aWhitton, M.
000014567 100__ $$aBiber-Klemm, S.
000014567 100__ $$aMuzofirshoev, N.
000014567 245__ $$aThe impact of land-reform legislation on pasture tenure in Gorno-Badakhshan: From common resource to private property?
000014567 260__ $$c2010
000014567 260__ $$b
            
000014567 490__ $$aArticle
000014567 507__ $$aMFOLL
000014567 520__ $$aIn this paper, the authors look at the ways in which recent economic and legal  changes affect pastoral management in the Gorno-Badakhshan region of  Tajikistan. In Central Asia, livestock mobility is crucial for  sustainable pasture management, but in Gorno-Badakhsan, average  livestock ownership is extremely low. Households must therefore rely on  collective herding practices if they are to exploit remote pastures and  avoid overgrazing. Post-Soviet land legislation permits privatisation  with the aim of improving security of tenure for farmers; however, the  same laws also apply to pastures. The authors consider whether the recent  legislation is likely to promote or prevent livestock mobility, and  assess the potential impact on collective herding. The effects of the  legislation on the ground were investigated using 2007 field data from two  sites, looking particularly at the impact of pasture privatisation on  collective users. They describe the extent to which pasture at these sites  is under private, community, or state control, discuss the implications  for sustainable management of this resource, and make recommendations  for Tajik legislators.
000014567 653__ $$aagriculture
000014567 653__ $$aland rights
000014567 653__ $$alegal protection
000014567 653__ $$alegislation
000014567 653__ $$apastoralism
000014567 653__ $$arights
000014567 653__ $$aTajikistan
000014567 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014567 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000014567 650__ $$aFarming systems
000014567 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000014567 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014567 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000014567 691__ $$aFarming systems
000014567 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000014567 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development 30(1):4-13: http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-09-00011.1
000014567 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/14567/files/5837.pdf
000014567 980__ $$aARTICLE