Incentives to sustain forest ecosystem services: A review and lessons for REDD (2009)

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Forest loss, primarily tropical deforestation and forest degradation, accounts for approximately 17 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in developing countries is thus an important component of a viable global climate policy framework, and has captured international attention as a potentially effective and low-cost climate change mitigation option. As further detailed below, this report focuses on national and sub-national aspects of REDD activities, with a particular focus on the role of performance-based payments for avoided deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries.

In December 2007, during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) COP 13, Norway’s Prime Minister launched ‘Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (N-CFI)’ with funding of up to NOK 3 billion (currently about US$430 millon) a year. To help inform the design and implementation of programmes supported by the Norwegian Climate Forest Initiative, the Norwegian Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs commissioned IIED, CIFOR, and WRI to carry out a joint study that would review lessons for REDD from:
  1. experience with payment for ecosystem services (PES) approaches in Africa, south-east Asia and Latin America; and
  2. selected cross-cutting technical issues relevant for REDD including, inter alia, baseline setting, monitoring of forest emissions and equity and cost aspects.
Language: English
Imprint: Natural resource Issues No. 16. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK, with CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia, and World Resources Institute, Washington D.C., USA. 2009
Series: Report,