Adaptation to climate change: Household impacts and institutional responses (2009)

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Climate change will bring with it increased frequency of two types of natural disasters that affect agriculture and rural households: droughts and floods. It will also alter rainfall patterns, thereby changing farming practices, household behaviour, and welfare.

Households all over the world use a variety of formal and informal mechanisms to manage risk and cope with unexpected events that negatively affect incomes, assets, or well-being. These mechanisms include both preparation for and responses to natural disasters. In low-income settings, where formal insurance and government supports are limited, households tend to rely on informal coping strategies, such as transfers from friends and neighbors, remittances, or investments in a diverse range of assets, from livestock to human capital. When disaster-related shock affects only a few households at a time, informal mechanisms can be quite effective in dealing with the situation. However, if the shock affects large areas simultaneously, small-scale coping mechanisms become ineffective.

Research on several climate-related national disasters—the 1998 foods in Bangladesh, the 2001 drought in Ethiopia, and the 2001–02 failed maize harvest in Malawi—suggests that the upcoming negotiations in Copenhagen need to explicitly defne, support, and expand policies that protect vulnerable populations from the expected increase in climate-change related weather events.
Language: English
Imprint: Agriculture and climate change: An agenda for negotiation in Copenhagen. 2020 Vision for Food, Agriculture and the Environment. Focus 16, Brief 12. May 2009 http://www.ifpri.org/2020/focus/focus16/focus16_12.pdf 2009
Series: Policy brief,