000014406 001__ 14406
000014406 037__ $$a4648
000014406 041__ $$aEnglish
000014406 100__ $$aBrown, O.
000014406 100__ $$aCrawford, A.
000014406 245__ $$aRising temperatures, rising tension: Climate change and the risk of violent conflict in the Middle East
000014406 260__ $$c2009
000014406 260__ $$b			      International Institute for Sustainable Development, Winnipeg, Canada: http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/rising_temps_middle_east.pdf. Eldis: http://www.eldis.org/go/topics/resource-guides/environment&amp;id=44123&amp;type=Document<br />
</span>
000014406 490__ $$aReport
000014406 507__ $$aMFOLL
000014406 520__ $$aClimate models are predicting a hotter, drier and less predictable climate in the Middle East, a region already considered the world's most water-scarce and where, in many places, demand for water already outstrips supply. This report addresses the links between climate change, peace and conflict.
It finds that the legacy of conflict in the region undermines the ability of countries and communities to adapt to climate change. The history of hostility and mistrust greatly complicates efforts to collaborate over shared resources, to invest in more efficient water and energy use, to share new ways to adapt to climate change and to pursue truly multilateral action on climate change. Ultimately, climate change presents an even more serious challenge than it would otherwise.
The report goes on to assert that climate change itself poses real security concerns to the region such as:
<ul class='square_dot_ul' class="square_dot_ul">
<li>increased competition for scarce water resources, complicating peace agreements;</li>
<li>intensified food insecurity, thereby raising the stakes for the return or retention of occupied land;</li>
<li>hindering economic growth, worsening poverty and social instability;</li>
<li>destabilisation could lead to forced migration and increased tensions over refugee populations;</li>
<li>increased militarisation of strategic natural resources;</li>
<li>growing resentment and distrust of the West (as a result of perceived inertia).</li>
</ul>
Nevertheless there is much that national governments and authorities, civil society and the international community can do address the challenge of climate change, and in so doing, address some of the threats it may pose to regional peace and security. They can promote a culture of conservation in the region, help communities and countries adapt to the impacts of climate change, work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and foster greater cooperation on their shared resources.
000014406 653__ $$aclimate change
000014406 653__ $$acommunity
000014406 653__ $$aconflict
000014406 653__ $$aconservation
000014406 653__ $$aeconomy
000014406 653__ $$afood security
000014406 653__ $$agreenhouse gases
000014406 653__ $$apopulation
000014406 653__ $$apoverty
000014406 653__ $$awater
000014406 650__ $$aClimate change
000014406 650__ $$aAdaptation
000014406 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014406 650__ $$aPoverty and food security
000014406 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000014406 650__ $$aWater management
000014406 691__ $$aClimate change
000014406 691__ $$aAdaptation
000014406 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014406 691__ $$aPoverty and food security
000014406 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000014406 691__ $$aWater management
000014406 773__ $$p
            
000014406 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/14406/files/4648.PDF
000014406 980__ $$aREPORT