000014334 001__ 14334
000014334 037__ $$a3695
000014334 041__ $$aEnglish
000014334 245__ $$aKazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic - Tien Shan ecosystem development project: environmental assessment
000014334 260__ $$c2009
000014334 260__ $$bWorld Bank Report E2094 25 February 2009 http://go.worldbank.org/ROUVX94IU0
000014334 490__ $$aReport
000014334 507__ $$aMFOLL
000014334 520__ $$aThe objective of the Tien Shan Ecosystem Development Project (TSEDP) in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic (KR) are to: a) reduce anthropogenic pressure on natural ecosystems and natural resources through development of sustainable tourism and increase of income of local population; b) earn incomes from selling certified carbon received as a result of afforestation in the Kyrgyz Republic and to share this practice in the region; c) increase income of rural population by means of wood and non-wood forest products and incomes from selling certified discharges received as a result of afforestation and foresting; d) reduce water and wind erosion of soil by creation of erosion-preventive and wind-protective forest strip by means of ecosystem approach. Plant 13,950 ha of new forests to reduce erosion of soil, prevent avalanches and mudflows and decrease water logging caused by deteriorated drainage systems; and e) increase financial sustainability of the State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry (SAEPF) under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and Aiyl Okmotus (AO) thanks to revenue generated by carbon trading. <br />
<br />
Negative impacts include:<br />
i) effect from small-scale construction works at specially protected natural areas (improvement of roads, reconstruction of buildings, irrigation infrastructure, and etc.);<br />
ii) long-term demand for irrigation in areas with scarce water resources; <br />
iii) increase of fire hazard; <br />
iv) non-regulated usage of pesticides and herbicides; <br />
v) access to pasture areas, reduction of existing pastures; and <br />
vi) allergic risks. <br />
<br />
Mitigation measures of the project are: <br />
1) all contracts for construction works should meet standards on environment protection, health and safety required by legislation of the KR and World Bank (WB) procedures; <br />
2) TSEDP project will ensure corresponding trainings for forestry personnel and participants of the project on creation of plantations of fast-growing wood species and on training of integrated pest management, usage, storage and transportation of pests and other progressive forestry practices; <br />
3) TSEDP project will prepare Strategy of Social Responsibility that will include: training programs for information, activity on plan development for making decisions on usage of resources, development of compensation measures, principals of joint participation in monitoring and evaluation; and <br />
4) it will be realized selection of quick growing wood species excluding allergic risks from poplars. Selection of cuttings for seedling will be from males that do not cause allergic reactions.<br />
000014334 653__ $$aavalanche
000014334 653__ $$aecosystem
000014334 653__ $$afire
000014334 653__ $$aforestry
000014334 653__ $$ahazard
000014334 653__ $$ainfrastructure
000014334 653__ $$aKazakhstan
000014334 653__ $$aKyrgyzstan
000014334 653__ $$alivelihood
000014334 653__ $$anon-timber forest product (NTFP)
000014334 653__ $$apasture
000014334 653__ $$aresource management
000014334 653__ $$asoil erosion
000014334 653__ $$aTien Shan
000014334 653__ $$awater
000014334 653__ $$awatershed management
000014334 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000014334 650__ $$aMountain tourism
000014334 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000014334 650__ $$aWater management
000014334 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000014334 691__ $$aMountain tourism
000014334 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000014334 691__ $$aWater management
000014334 773__ $$p
000014334 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/14334/files/3695.pdf
000014334 980__ $$aREPORT