Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic - Tien Shan ecosystem development project: environmental assessment (2009)

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The objective of the Tien Shan Ecosystem Development Project (TSEDP) in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic (KR) are to: a) reduce anthropogenic pressure on natural ecosystems and natural resources through development of sustainable tourism and increase of income of local population; b) earn incomes from selling certified carbon received as a result of afforestation in the Kyrgyz Republic and to share this practice in the region; c) increase income of rural population by means of wood and non-wood forest products and incomes from selling certified discharges received as a result of afforestation and foresting; d) reduce water and wind erosion of soil by creation of erosion-preventive and wind-protective forest strip by means of ecosystem approach. Plant 13,950 ha of new forests to reduce erosion of soil, prevent avalanches and mudflows and decrease water logging caused by deteriorated drainage systems; and e) increase financial sustainability of the State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry (SAEPF) under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and Aiyl Okmotus (AO) thanks to revenue generated by carbon trading.

Negative impacts include:
i) effect from small-scale construction works at specially protected natural areas (improvement of roads, reconstruction of buildings, irrigation infrastructure, and etc.);
ii) long-term demand for irrigation in areas with scarce water resources;
iii) increase of fire hazard;
iv) non-regulated usage of pesticides and herbicides;
v) access to pasture areas, reduction of existing pastures; and
vi) allergic risks.

Mitigation measures of the project are:
1) all contracts for construction works should meet standards on environment protection, health and safety required by legislation of the KR and World Bank (WB) procedures;
2) TSEDP project will ensure corresponding trainings for forestry personnel and participants of the project on creation of plantations of fast-growing wood species and on training of integrated pest management, usage, storage and transportation of pests and other progressive forestry practices;
3) TSEDP project will prepare Strategy of Social Responsibility that will include: training programs for information, activity on plan development for making decisions on usage of resources, development of compensation measures, principals of joint participation in monitoring and evaluation; and
4) it will be realized selection of quick growing wood species excluding allergic risks from poplars. Selection of cuttings for seedling will be from males that do not cause allergic reactions.
 
Language: English
Imprint: World Bank Report E2094 25 February 2009 http://go.worldbank.org/ROUVX94IU0 2009
Series: Report,
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