000014284 001__ 14284
000014284 037__ $$a5529
000014284 041__ $$aEnglish
000014284 100__ $$aRwakakamba, T. M.
000014284 245__ $$aHow effective are Uganda's environmental policies? A case study of water resources in 4 districts, with recommendations on how to do better
000014284 260__ $$c2009
000014284 260__ $$b
            
000014284 490__ $$aArticle
000014284 507__ $$aMFOLL
000014284 520__ $$aThe livelihoods of most Ugandans intimately depend on the environment, both as a source of subsistence and as a basis for production. Environmental degradation in the country ? which includes wetland encroachment and contamination of water resources?is critical: based on estimates, degradation costs represent an environmental debt of about US$ 1?4 billion today. Although the country's water resources are rich, severe water scarcity is predicted for the near future, particularly in more populated areas and in the more fragile arid and semiarid pastoral areas. The Ugandan government has formulated a number of policies to regulate land use and impacts on the environment. However, the alarming rate at which natural resources are being depleted shows that these laws and policies are not enforced effectively. Using both qualitative and quantitative research methods, the study presented here focused on water resources, assessing their status in four mountainous districts of Uganda and evaluating the effectiveness of government policies with regard to restoration and conservation of water catchments. The study revealed a glaring gap between the existence of laws and policies on the one hand, and the reality of implementation on the ground on the other?there is rapid depletion of water resources, and water scarcity has already led to conflicts. The paper calls for effective implementation of existing policies and laws without fear or favour and for increased budgetary allocations from the current 25.6 billion shillings (2006?2007) to 34.45 billion or more, to accommodate funding for the execution of policies and laws. It also calls for meticulous review of the existing environmental policy regime with a view to tailoring, customising, and localising it for practical purposes.
000014284 653__ $$aconservation
000014284 653__ $$alivelihood
000014284 653__ $$alocal communities
000014284 653__ $$apolicy
000014284 653__ $$aresource management
000014284 653__ $$awater
000014284 653__ $$awater resources
000014284 653__ $$awatershed management
000014284 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014284 650__ $$aMountain people /cultures
000014284 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000014284 650__ $$aWater management
000014284 650__ $$aPwatershed management
000014284 650__ $$aConservation
000014284 650__ $$aolicies and governance
000014284 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014284 691__ $$aMountain people /cultures
000014284 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000014284 691__ $$aWater management
000014284 691__ $$aPwatershed management
000014284 691__ $$aConservation
000014284 691__ $$aolicies and governance
000014284 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development Vol 29, No 2, May 2009: 121?127: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1659/mrd.1092
000014284 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/14284/files/5529.pdf
000014284 980__ $$aARTICLE