000014230 001__ 14230
000014230 037__ $$a5021
000014230 041__ $$aEnglish
000014230 100__ $$aKumar, C.
000014230 100__ $$aAlbano, A.
000014230 100__ $$aPandit, B. H.
000014230 245__ $$aCommunity-based forest enterprises in Nepal:  An analysis of their role in increasing income benefits  to the poor
000014230 260__ $$c2009
000014230 260__ $$b
000014230 490__ $$aAbstract
000014230 507__ $$aMFOLL
000014230 520__ $$aThis paper examines the effective practices and constraints of community-based forest management enterprises (CBFEs) in Nepal in providing income benefits to the poor. The tenure reform clarity and strengthening of tenure rights at community level through various CBFM programmes in Nepal in the last few decades has enhanced opportunities for the rural people to benefit from forest-based enterprises. However, a key concern as these programmes have advanced over the years has been whether the poor benefit from them given their high dependence on the forests. To examine this question, 28 CBFEs from Nepal’s mid-hills and mountain districts were selected from among forest user groups (FUGs) engaged in income-generating activities, varying in their size of membership, use of forest products and stage of growth. These CBFEs have been broadly categorised into FUGs, networks, cooperatives and companies. The contribution from enterprises to the household economy was found to be greatest from companies, followed by cooperatives and then networks. The effective practices of the CBFEs in increasing income benefits were found to include representation of the poor and marginalised groups in executive committees in the FUGs-based enterprises, targeted employment of the poorest in the collection of non-timber forest products and in processing units in networks, and enabling the poor to own share capital in cooperatives and companies. The common constraint across all these categories was found to be lack of adequate capital to sustain the enterprises without external support.The specific constraints were small membership and land size among FUGs, lack of legal recognition of networks, lack of management skills and member discipline for cooperatives, and lack of raw materials and marketing capacity for companies. The paper also discusses: the importance of further policy support to formalize forest user groups into networks, cooperatives and private companies; value addition to forest products; and capacity building for CBFEs, government line agencies and business services providers.
000014230 653__ $$acommunity forestry
000014230 653__ $$aforest
000014230 653__ $$aforestry
000014230 653__ $$aNepal
000014230 653__ $$anon-timber forest product (NTFP)
000014230 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014230 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000014230 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000014230 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000014230 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000014230 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000014230 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000014230 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000014230 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000014230 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000014230 773__ $$pSmall-scale Forestry, Vol 8, Issue 4, 447-462: http://www.springerlink.com/content/427u3842586717j1/fulltext.pdf
000014230 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/14230/files/5021.pdf
000014230 980__ $$aARTICLE