000014109 001__ 14109
000014109 037__ $$a4567
000014109 041__ $$aEnglish
000014109 100__ $$aNakhutsrishvili, G.
000014109 100__ $$aAkhalkatsi, M.
000014109 100__ $$aAbdaladze, O.
000014109 245__ $$aMain threats to mountain biodiversity in Georgia
000014109 260__ $$c2009
000014109 260__ $$b
            
000014109 490__ $$aArticle
000014109 507__ $$aMFOLL
000014109 520__ $$aThe territory of modern-day Georgia has been continuously inhabited since the early Stone Age and affected by human communities for tens of thousands of years. On average, nearly half of the land in the region is already transformed by human activities. Nevertheless, several pristine areas remain in the hotspot, mostly in remote high-altitude areas and inaccessible gorges. About 12 percent of the original vegetation is considered pristine. Most of the hotspot's intact ecosystems are concentrated in high mountain sites, while the plains and the foothills have suffered the most habitat loss. Therefore, urgent steps should be undertaken to protect remaining biodiversity in the area.<br />
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The two main problems threatening Georgia&rsquo;s mountain biodiversity in the modern age are anthropogenic impact and global climate change. Traditional agriculture in Georgia in the past was sustainable and did not seriously threaten biodiversity in Georgia. The main impact was generated in the Soviet period, when Georgian agriculture supplied by-products such as wine, vegetables, wool and cheese to Russia and other Soviet republics. This caused an increase in sheep and cattle herds up to several million heads on the relatively small territory of the country. While still shepherded in the traditional way, the herds became so large and rotations became too short, so that they threatened many high mountain pastures and caused soil erosion. This problem reduced after the disintegration of the USSR in the early 1990s, when Georgia became responsible mainly for production of agricultural products for its own market.
000014109 653__ $$aagriculture
000014109 653__ $$abiodiversity
000014109 653__ $$aclimate change
000014109 653__ $$acommunity
000014109 653__ $$aecosystem
000014109 653__ $$aGeorgia
000014109 653__ $$amarketing
000014109 653__ $$aRussia
000014109 653__ $$asoil erosion
000014109 653__ $$asustainable
000014109 653__ $$atradition
000014109 653__ $$avegetation
000014109 650__ $$aBiodiversity
000014109 691__ $$aBiodiversity
000014109 773__ $$pMountain Forum Bulletin, Vol IX, Issue 2, July 2009
000014109 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/14109/files/4567.pdf
000014109 980__ $$aARTICLE