000013218 001__ 13218
000013218 037__ $$a4953
000013218 041__ $$aEnglish
000013218 100__ $$aBhattarai, B.
000013218 245__ $$aWhat makes local elites work for the poor? A case of a community forestry user group in Nepal
000013218 260__ $$c2007
000013218 260__ $$bRECOFTC, 2007: http://www.recoftc.org/site/fileadmin/docs/Events/RRI_Conference/Proceedings/Paper_25_Bhattarai.pdf
000013218 490__ $$aDiscussion paper
000013218 507__ $$aMFOLL
000013218 520__ $$aDespite the growing popularity of community-based approaches to forest management, there are limited cases in which benefits and costs are shared equitably. One of the reasons for this situation is that decisions within community-based forest management (CBFM) regimes are dominated by local elites. This is especially true in the context of Nepal where society is stratified into different economic classes, ethnic groups, gender relations, and geographic differentiations. In this context, it is critical to understand the possibility of local elites becoming more sensitive to the needs of the marginalised groups, and establish factors that constrain or enable the process through which they change their attitude and behaviours. This paper analyses this dynamic in the context of community forestry in Nepal. The factors and processes enabling local elites to undertake poverty-reduction initiatives by mobilising community forestry resources are specifically analysed.<br />
<br />
The Sundari community forest user group (CFUG) located in the central Terai region of Nepal was used as a case study. How local elites developed innovative institutional arrangements and governance practices to provide a wide range of benefits and subsidies to the poor and marginalised members of the CFUG are analysed. Such benefits and services include: providing financial subsidies for income generation such as through goat farming, house construction for the homeless, and a range of empowerment support services for the marginalised. The analysis suggests that there are key aspects that inspire community elites to work in favour of the poor: a) opportunities to critically self-reflect on their mindsets and behaviours in relation to the poor and marginalised groups, b) the presence of civil society facilitators with in-depth knowledge of social power relations and local-level dynamics of governance.
000013218 653__ $$acommunity
000013218 653__ $$acommunity forestry
000013218 653__ $$aethnic groups
000013218 653__ $$aforest
000013218 653__ $$agender
000013218 653__ $$agovernance
000013218 653__ $$aknowledge
000013218 653__ $$amanagement
000013218 653__ $$aNepal
000013218 653__ $$apoverty
000013218 653__ $$aresource management
000013218 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000013218 650__ $$aPoverty and food subsistence
000013218 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000013218 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000013218 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000013218 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000013218 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000013218 691__ $$aPoverty and food subsistence
000013218 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000013218 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000013218 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000013218 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000013218 773__ $$p
000013218 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/13218/files/4953.pdf
000013218 980__ $$aPAPER