000013133 001__ 13133
000013133 037__ $$a1167
000013133 041__ $$aEnglish
000013133 100__ $$aKavanagh, P.
000013133 245__ $$aManaging opium: Policy choices for Afghanistan
000013133 260__ $$c2007
000013133 260__ $$bInternational Development Research Centre (IDRC)  News www.idrc.ca
000013133 490__ $$aNews bulletin
000013133 507__ $$aMFOLL
000013133 520__ $$aIncome from illegal opium poppy cultivation helps sustain the livelihoods of millions of rural Afghans, but also provides significant revenues to criminals and armed groups fighting the government. 
Although at first glance Papaver somniferum ? the ?sleep-bringing poppy? ? is a seemingly innocuous flowering plant, its seedpods can deliver opium as well as powerful narcotic derivatives like heroin, morphine, and codeine. 
During the millennia since these anaesthetic effects became known, some people have celebrated opium?s pain-killing potency while others have condemned the social consequences of the drug?s recreational use. Wars have been fought because of opium, and it is no exaggeration to say that this species of poppy has changed the course of history. 
Today the global debate over opium focuses on Afghanistan. With international help, the country is trying to rebuild after decades of war and instability. Among the many challenges its government faces is the widespread and illegal cultivation of the opium poppy. Income from this agricultural sector helps sustain the livelihoods of millions of rural Afghans, but at the same time opium provides significant revenues to criminal gangs and armed groups fighting the government.
What should be the Afghanistan government?s policy toward growing poppy? Three options have been debated: eradicating the crop with a poison spray, legalizing the practice and selling the harvest for lawful morphine production, and seeking alternative livelihoods for opium farmers.
000013133 653__ $$aAfghanistan
000013133 653__ $$aconflict
000013133 653__ $$alivelihood
000013133 653__ $$alocal communities
000013133 653__ $$apolicy
000013133 653__ $$apoverty
000013133 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000013133 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000013133 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000013133 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000013133 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000013133 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000013133 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000013133 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000013133 773__ $$p
000013133 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/13133/files/1167.pdf
000013133 980__ $$aNEWSLETTER